SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. International tourism development and the Gulf Cooperation Council States : challenges and opportunities. Responsibility edited by Marcus L. Stephenson and Ala Al-Hamarneh.
Series Contemporary geographies of leisure, tourism, and mobility. Online Available online. Full view. SAL3 off-campus storage. P47 I58 Available. More options. Find it at other libraries via WorldCat Limited preview. Contributor Stephenson, Marcus L. Al-Hamarneh, Ala, editor.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index. Stephenson Part One. Stephenson Part Two. Ragab and Jafar Jafari Part Three. Destinations and Opportunities. This edited volume provides a real attempt to examine critically ways in which tourism and its development intersect with the socio-cultural, economic, political, environmental and industrial change that is taking place in the region.
Investment in infrastructure will be required to support more trial voyages that would pave the way for stable commercial transportation.
- The Blood Shaman (The Third Soul Book 3).
- New Issues in Polar Tourism | cortbosulme.tk.
- Interview with Michael Connelly;
- Charles Learns His Lesson.
- Feelings (Shortcuts);
The proposal of creating a stable shipping lane has already met positive answers from several Arctic nations, alongside the expected approval from Russia. New technologies might offer solutions to potentially reduce both environmental and financial costs. Second, the white paper talks about the utilization of non-living resources, such as oil, gas and mineral resources alongside the possible exploitation of renewable energy sources from geothermal, wind and other clean energy sources.
Their participation in the region cannot be considered a great success. The third area is living resources such as marine fisheries. When focusing on Arctic fisheries, the white paper mentions that the loss of permafrost will create new fishing areas, opening a legal discussion on the ownership and management on the high Arctic seas. Combined with northwards movements of fish stocks as water becomes warmer, the Arctic seas have the potential to become a strategic fishery in the future.
China mentions that both Arctic and non-Arctic nations possess the right to research and develop in the high seas of the Arctic ocean, therefore an international agreement on fisheries management should guarantee equitable shares of the available resources.
Polar Polarity: A Letter from Iceland
Discussions regarding fisheries in the Arctic high seas are already taking place. The report also talks about the development of Arctic tourism. For China, Arctic tourism is an emerging industry and acknowledges the growing number of Chinese tourists. In the past, Chinese investors tried to develop tourism projects in the Arctic.
After delays, he was finally denied due to restrictions on foreign ownership. Later in , he aimed to purchase km of land for tourism infrastructure in Norway, specifically in the Austre Adventfjord of Svalbard.
Polar Tourism: A Tool for Regional Development - Alain A. Grenier, Dieter K. Müller - Google книги
Although the white paper recognizes the current Arctic governance system and the Arctic Council, it also looks forward for the development of international rules about Arctic development aiming to safeguard the interest of the international community. The white paper divides their Arctic involvement in Governance into three levels. Global, Regional, and state-based. At the regional level, China highlights their participation in the Arctic council.
After being denied two times, China was accepted as an observer member of the Arctic Council in The white paper highlights the inclusion of China as sign for future cooperation for regional development. At the state-based level, the white paper cites the many bilateral agreements regarding the Arctic region that China has with both the Arctic and non-Arctic states. Arctic nations have long-term disputes regarding territory.
With the prospects of the development of resources and a commercial shipping lane, those disputes are expected increase. China bases their main objective for their participation on sustainability, yet many of the proposed development can only be considered sustainable based on their good intentions, not necessarily the foreseeable outcomes.
Books with a focus on: Tourism
When focusing on fisheries, the before-mentioned subsidies and their potential negative effects make it very complicated to envision sustainability. China has stated an intention to revise the subsidy policies for distant water fisheries, yet no concrete measures have been taken. The proposed solutions of increasing environmental awareness of tourists while including and equally sharing the benefit with all stakeholders falls short of the expected negative impacts on the environment, however. The prospects of changes in the dynamics of the sea freight industry may be great when considering potential gains from efficiency driven solutions for the highly unregulated and pollutive sector.
get link Large scale implementation of electric powered vessels and international cooperation towards a highly integrated development of both sea and land logistic infrastructure could potentially change the dynamics of international commerce. On the other hand, a profit-seeking mentality for utilization of Arctic shipping lanes would only worsen our current problems.
IF this happens, potential solutions for the industry, which the Chinese might be able to offer, will be surely welcomed. The decision in the IMO, however, will be taken with shipping interests of over signatories in mind, which may delay or reduce the effectiveness of the regulations. Even after all the sustainability considerations stated in the white paper, fossil resource exploitation remains the most successful endeavour for Chinese capital in the Arctic, with little participation in the renewable energy sector. Fossil fuel based projects in the region are becoming bigger as more Arctic states are open to Chinese investments.
This should translate into positive results as the more participants are willing to cooperate through research and overall transparency on their intentions, the higher are the chances for a solution of present challenges and a possibility for future development of a more resilient Arctic region. You are commenting using your WordPress.